TO THE LAST MAN
Indian accounts of the Last Stand
Edited by David Cornut, author of "Little Bighorn, autopsy of a legendary battle" (published in French, 2006) - email@example.com
Michno, Lakota Noon, pages 52, 251-256, 260
Hardorff, Lakota recollections, pages 148-150, 160-175
DeMallie, Sixth Grandfather, page 180-190
Vestal, Warpath, pages 199-200
Graham, The Custer Myth, pages 220-221
Scott, Fox, Connors, Archaeological Insights, page 45
“Certainly there is (no) historical evidence of a swirling, furious finale to the Custer battle – no famous last stand”
Archaeologist Richard Fox, Archaeology…, 1993, page 201
“Soldiers made several stands, and one was the “last”. The time spent in their fight and the results of their shooting are all the proof we need to show that they defended their ground tenaciously. (…) they held their ground and fought from their position as long as they humanly could. Because they all eventually died does not mean that they did not desperately try to live. I call this a “last stand”. So did the Indians.”
Historian Gregory F. Michno, Lakota Noon, The Indian narrative of Custer’s defeat, 1997, page 260
Thunder Hawk’s wife: “It was quite a fight” (on Custer Hill)
Wooden Leg could see “that all the soldiers were killed except for a band that remained hidden behind their dead horses.”
Flying By: “(the stand) was made in the place where Custer would be killed, down at the end of the long ridge.”
Flying Hawk: “Custer made a stand on his hill.”
Gall: Gall neared the end of the ridge where the last soldiers were making a stand. “They were fighting good” he said.
Lights: he could see the soldiers who had fled the Keogh fight joining those making the stand on the hill.
Two Eagles: The most stubborn stand the soldiers made was on Custer Hill. From his position a short way north and west of that point, Two Eagles noticed the hilltop was very level and the soldiers took the spot to continue their defense. (…) “They were killed on top of the ridge” Two Eagles declared.
Red Hawk: The bluecoats were “falling back steadily to Custer Hill where another stand was made”, said Red Hawk. “Here the soldiers made a desperate fight.”
Two Moon: (…) Two Moon turned back to watch the fight. (…) The “grey bunch" was still fighting.
Standing Bear: Moving north along the ridge to where he could see better, Standing Bear noticed dismounted soldiers holding their horses by the bridles. “They were ready for us”, he said, and they began to shoot, “the bullets were just raining”. (…) Bear Horn rode up too close (to the last stand) and was himself shot down.
Iron Hawk: On Last Stand Hill, Iron Hawk saw about twenty men on horseback and about thirty men on foot. “The Indians pressed and crowded right in and around them on Custer Hill” But the soldiers weren’t ready to die. Said Iron Hawk,“We stood there a long time.”
Big Beaver: Big Beaver crawled back down the coulee to put a bit more distance between himself and the deadly soldiers bullets. (…) The Indians were rushing toward the hill where the soldiers were making their desperate fight.