LBH: Last Stand (I)

Dimanche 17 juin 7 17 /06 /Juin 10:14

Inspired by a love of history and its amazing accounts of human endeavor, model making and dramatic representations of the people, places and things that have shaped our culture.

Here is one of the most accurate portrayal of the Last Stand ever (taken from "The Custer Album")
42 men behind 39 dead horses, in a 30-feet circle.

"Custer's men were along a ridgeline, and they were either running along it or trying to control it. But those men shot their horses and made a barricade. The highest number of casualties happened right there,"

 says Paul Hutton, a professor of history at the University of New Mexico and a Custer scholar. 
(US news Online, July 24, 2000)

Lundi 4 juin 1 04 /06 /Juin 17:42

Inspired by a love of history and its amazing accounts of human endeavor, model making and dramatic representations of the people, places and things that have shaped our culture. 

The Bugle on Last Stand Hill


During the last stand, Beard and Crazy Horse tell us about soldiers in the last stand hill who were playing bugle until the end.

 Custer's men were probably making efforts to take the attention of the soldiers on Weir Point  - men who never came, and never attempted to come, except Captain Weir, who acted by himself.

" The bugle call was the means by which orders were relayed and transmitted.  Chief Trumpeter Henry J. Voss was part of the Headquarters Group and his body found on LSH.  Voss, a trumpeter of G Troop, was assigned to Custer that day as an orderly messenger and though his body location is disputed, I tend to accept it was found on a slope of LSH.  To the extent that Custer, or whomever was in command, wanted to relay orders to the scattered survivors or was sending a last plea to Benteen, who was expected to show at any second and rescue them up until the last man died, the bugle was the sole methodology available to them. " (Arthur Unger, author of "The ABC of Custer's Last Stand")

The bugle : sound of betrayal.


Vendredi 1 juin 5 01 /06 /Juin 17:47


Jeudi 31 mai 4 31 /05 /Mai 19:37

Inspired by a love of history and its amazing accounts of human endeavor, model making and dramatic representations of the people, places and things that have shaped our culture.

The CUSTER MYTH Source Book Of Custeriana 1953ed ILLUST

One of the most dominating myth of Little Bighorn is that George A. Custer was killed near the river, in a ravine etc.

It's totally impossible. Custer was killed on the location he was found, in other words, in the middle of his last stand, with 32 horses and 42 men around him, his brother being behind him. Here are the evidence:

1) If Custer had been killed in an other location, Captain Keogh, second-in-rank, should have taken command of the whole column. It wasn't the case. Keogh died with his company, and Custer died with his headquarter staff around him. Near Custer's body was the regiment's adjutant and chief trumpeter, the regimental sergeant major may not have been too far away. One officer of Gibbon's command thought he recognized the surgeon nearby. The body of Custer's personal flag bearer may have been down hill from Custer's body. No member of the regiment's headquarters establishment seemed to have been found near Keogh.

2) Custer's ammunition was found around his body by Sergeant Ryan and other soldiers.

Custer died on Custer Hill.


Jeudi 31 mai 4 31 /05 /Mai 16:21

Inspired by a love of history and its amazing accounts of human endeavor, model making and dramatic representations of the people, places and things that have shaped our culture.
William Rini is a teacher, a long-time LBH specialist and a Frontier reenactor.  

 Concerning Dr. Richard Fox's  theories about "no last stand at Little Bighorn (controversial archaeology) : he is clearly an expert in the field of archaeology and forensics,  however, it is also quite clear that his weakness is in the area of military  tactics and military analysis. I feel he fell far short of the mark concerning  the latter.

One great flaw in his theory concerned the alleged lack
 of organized defense on Custer Hill. There is certainly evidence to suggest  otherwise:

1) Concerning the lack of cartridges: any amateur student  of the battle could tell you that Last Stand Hill has been more or less picked  clean of cartridges and bullets for many years, when the first Superintendant  allowed visitors to the battlefield to fill their pockets with souvenirs.  

Further evidence pointing to an organized defense on Last Stand Hill is  indicated below:

2) there were 32 dead horses (primarily Bays from Co.  F) shot and positioned in a semi-circle near the crest of Last Stand Hill, as  well as 7 more horses shot as breastworks at the summit.

3) Custer and  his Headquarter's Staff were found at the summit, while most of F Co. (including  their Commander Capt. Yates and survivors from C, I, & L were found behind  the 32 horses just below the summit.

4) the 30 or so troopers who were  killed in and around Deep Ravine were nearly all members of E Co., which would  indicate a tactical movement to the Ravine, as opposed to a panic-striken rout.  Had it been the latter, there would have been an equal number of troopers from F  Co. involved as well. Yet nearly all eye-witness account of the bodies in Deep  Ravine after the battle identify the soldiers as belonging to E  Company.

5) Dr. Fox ignored a number of Indian eye-witness accounts that  state very clearly that there was hard fighting (a last stand) in both the Keogh  sector and on Last Stand Hill. Of course, we know there was hard fighting on  Calhoun Hill for well over an hour before they were overwhelmed by sheer  numbers.

6) Dr. Fox also ignores the fact that Custer's 5 companies  held off 10 times their number for approximately 2 hours before being  overwhelmed, instead relying on a quote claiming the battle lasted "as long as a  hungry man eating his dinner." Since when did a hungry man take over 2 hours to  eat his dinner?

In short, Custer was on the offensive and  was expecting reinforcements at any moment. Had he known that his command had  been abandoned by the rest of his regiment, he would have taken a stronger  defensive posture. This mistake aided the hostiles greatly in their efforts to  penetrate the perimeter. Dr. Fox seems to ignore this critical aspect of the  battle completely.

As I said before, Dr. Fox and Dr. Scott are to be  commended for doing a great service in uncovering important archaeological clues  as the what happened that day, however, I feel that his Achilles heel lies in  his attempts to properly interpret military tactical movements and to  incorporate them into all of the Indian oral accounts (not just the ones that  support a particular theory.) I do think Dr. Fox is right on the money in his  analysis of the action at Medicine Tail Ford, and I think his research has  opened up a whole new vista supporting the theory that Custer was heading north  to reach the non-combatants. They did not mention it, but Dr. Fox has done  excellent research demonstrating that Custer actually reached a ford well north  of Last Stand Hill, which corroborates the oral account of John  Stands-In-Timber, tribal historian of the Northern Cheyenne, and nephew of Wolf  Tooth (a battle participant). All in all, he did a very good job, and I  recommend his  book to all who wish to learn more about this fascinating subject.

see also 
Indian casualties to understand the strength of Custer's resistance



Jeudi 17 mai 4 17 /05 /Mai 21:52


Vendredi 27 avril 5 27 /04 /Avr 19:51

Inspired by a love of history and its amazing accounts of human endeavor, model making and dramatic representations of the people, places and things that have shaped our culture.
Gregory Michno, Lakota Noon, the Indian narrative of Custer's defeat, Mountain Press, 1997

Hunkpapa SiouxCrow King, Sioux hunkpapa warchief  (Michno, p.178):

  Riderless mounts scattered across the hills and ran to the river but the soldiers kept in order and fought like brave warriors.


  • Moving Robe, Sioux hunkpapa woman who eventually fought at the battle (Michno, p.179) :

  It was a hotly contested battle.


  • Eagle Elk, Sioux oglala warrior (Michno, p.186):


The shootings [by the soldiers] Eagle Elk had witnessed within the last minutes had been enough to convince him of the good sense in staying away from the front lines.  


  • Red Horse, Sioux Minneconjou warchief (Michno, p.204):


SiouxEven tough virtually surrounded, the soldiers put up a stiff resistance, for it was in this charge [chief Lame White Man’s charge] that the Lakotas lost more of their men. Red Horse thought that 136 Indians were killed and 160 were wounded in that phase of the battle.



  •   Hollow Horn Bear, Sioux Brule warrior (Michno, p.177):


In fact, Hollow Horn Bear believed that the troops were in good order at the start of the fight, and kept their organization even while moving from point to point.


  •  Sitting Bull, famous Sioux hunkpapa chief (Jones, Custer’s Horses, p.104): Hunkpapa Sioux


There was so much doubt about the outcome [of the battle] that I told the squaws to break the camp and be ready to leave.



  • Red Hawk, Sioux oglala warrior, speaking about the Last Stand (Michno, p.252):


Here the soldiers made a desperate fight.


  • Iron Hawk, Sioux hunkpapa warrior, speaking about the Last Stand (Michno, p.254):


The Indians pressed and crowded right in around Custer Hill. But the soldiers weren’t ready to die. We stood there a long time.

Lakota Noon: The Indian Narrative of Custer's DefeatIndian Views Of The Custer Fight: A Source BookWarriors at the Little Bighorn 1876 (Men-at-Arms)Lakota Recollections of the Custer Fight: New Sources of Indian-Military HistoryCheyenne Memories of the Custer Fight: A Source BookThe Arikara Narrative of Custer's Campaign and the Battle of the Little BighornCrazy Horse and Custer: The Parallel Lives of Two American WarriorsWooden Leg: A Warrior Who Fought Custer (Second Edition)Hokahey! A Good Day to Die!: The Indian Casualties of the Custer Fight 


Custer's Last Stand

custerwest . org
#1 History Portal




Créer un blog gratuit sur - Contact - C.G.U. - Rémunération en droits d'auteur - Signaler un abus - Articles les plus commentés