LBH: list of warriors

Dimanche 1 juillet 7 01 /07 /Juil 14:34

BATTLE OF THE WASHITA
KNOWN FATALITIES
 


80 Cheyenne warriors, warchiefs or civilians have been named during the researchs on the Battle of the Washita 
source : Jerome Greene, Washita: The Army and the Southern Cheyennes, University of Oklahoma Press, pages 212-214

In these 80 Cheyennes, these people (including women with pistols and arrows) were killed (the others escaped or were prisoners):

27 warriors (+ 100 unnamed)

13 warchiefs (all named)

1 woman (11 unnamed)

6 children 
(all unnamed)

 

Mercredi 23 mai 3 23 /05 /Mai 19:28

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SIOUX WARRIORS AT LITTLE BIGHORN

Montana University

Chef de guerre American Horse, HunkpapaAmerican Horse (Wasico Tasunke)

(14); Oglala Chief, leader of the Bear People band (12); son of Sitting Bear (11); his brother also fought in the battle (8); later a prominent chief at Pine Ridge Reservation; in 1891 he led a successful delegation to Washington which resulted in better administration of Indian affairs and a more nearly adequate living ration (14); he rode in the 1905 inaugural parade at the request of President Theodore Roosevelt (21) (not the elder chief American horse who was killed at Slim Buttes in 1876 (12))

Bad-Light-Hair

Killed in the battle; on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead (25)

Bad Soup (or Bad Juice)

Having been around the 7th Cavalry at Fort Lincoln, he presumably pointed out Custer's body to White Bull (24)

Bear-With-Horn

Killed in the battle; on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead

Big Elk (Un-pan Tan-ka)

Oglala chief; among a small group of warriors who had advanced nearest Custer's final position (25)

Big Leggins

Half-blood Sioux; he could read numerals, and after the Custer fight identified the soldiers they had been fighting as the 7th Cavalry (24)

Big Nose

In Custer fight (24)

Big Road

Oglala Warrior Chief (2)

Black Elk

Oglala, born 1863 (27); son of the elder Black Elk (5); as a young boy hge took two scalps from dying soldiers during the Reno fight (3); then with some younger boys shot arrows into the dying soldiers on the Custer battlefield; his older brother was also in the battle; later tribal holy man; died 1950 (27)

Black Fox

Killed in the battle; on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead (25)

Black Moon

Hunkpapa warrior chief; a leader in the battle on the 25th (2); warrior society leader in the charges against Reno's troops

Black Wasichu

Warrior; brother of Chase-in-the-Morning, and cousin of Black Elk; shot in the Custer fight while riding warrior style on the side of his horse; died in camp on the night of June 27th (27)

Brings Plenty

Killed a soldier with a war club in the Custer fight (27)

Chased-by-Owls

Killed in the battle; on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead (25)

Cloud Man

Killed in the battle; on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead (25)

Comes Again

Warrior; still living age 86 (24)

Crazy Heart

Minneconju warrior, son of Chief Lame Deer; in the Custer fight; honored as a shirt wearer (30)

crazyhorseferguson.jpg
Kenneth Ferguson -
www.kennethfergusonfineart.com

Crazy Horse (Tashunka Witko)

Minikajau; son of Crazy Horse, later called Worm (11); usually quiet, reserved, not boastful (5); a principal leader in the battle on the 25th; he probably wore his protective hailstone medicine paint as he led Sioux and Cheyenne from the lower end of the village to attach Custer (2, 19); he prevented Custer's troops from gaining the hilltop in their retreat, and is thought to have led one of the closing charges on Custer at Last Stand Hill (3); he chased down & killed one of the last troopers to die, one-half mile east of the Custer battlefield (10); he was killed at Fort Robinson, Nebraska on September 7, 1877 (3)

Crow Dog

Brule Warrior; in the Custer fight, he caught 3 soldier horses and hurried them to his lodge across the river; by the time he returned Custer & his men were already dead (25)

Crow King

Hunkpapa warrior chief; had 80 warriors in his band (2); led charges against Reno's troops in the valley (28), then joined the Custer fight after Reno attained the bluffs; two of his brothers were killed in the battle (2)

Dog's-Back-Bone

Killed in the battle; on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead (25)

Dog-With-Horns

Killed in the battle; on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead (25)

Elk Bear

Killed in the battle; on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead (25)

Elk Nation

He rescued his wounded brother--friend Little Bear, after his horse had been shot from under him in the Custer fight (27)

Feather Earring

Minneconjou warrior; in the Reno fight, where his brother was killed; drove some cavalry horses from Custer's battlefield; living 1919 (2)

Flat Hip

Hunkpapa warrior; long after the battle, he was one of severa Indians who claimed credit for killing Custer (24)

Flying By

Killed in the battle; on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead (25)

flyh.jpg Flying Hawk

Uhiapapa warrior, full brother of Kicking Bear & cousin of Crazy Horse; born March 1852; son of Chief Black Fox and Iron Cedarwoman; fought with his friend Crazy Horse in the Custer fight; became a chief at age 32 and succeeded Red Cloud; died at Pine Ridge, South Dakota Dec. 24, 1931 (10)

Fool Bull (Tatanka Witko)

A medicine man, born 1844; he carried a shield of buffalo hide into the battle (14)

Chef de guerre Gall, Hunkpapa

 

Gall

Hunkpapa warrior chief; born ca 1838, son of nobody of distinction (4); Gall was among the Cheyenne looking after horses when Reno attacked (2); his 2 wives and 3 children were killed in Reno's attack on the village; Gall said: "It made my heart bad. After that I killed all my enemies with the hatchet." (2) a principal leader in the battle of the 25th; he did not, as some say (4, 28), lead charges against Reno's troops in the valley, but was diverted from that fight by one of his warriors who had spotted Custer from the bluffs, and led them in a frontal attack on Custer's troops (2), while Crazy Horse's warriors struck Custer's flank and rear (2,4); he surrendered January 1881 at Poplar Creek, Montana (2); later served as a judge of the Court of Indian Offenses at Standing Rock Reservation in 1889, and worked as a farmer; died in 1894 at age 56, at Oak Creek near Standing Rock Agency (4, 2)

Good Fox

Warrior in the Custer fight; he was not a killing man, but showed his bravery by counting coup - - zigzagging among the enemy and touching them with his crooked cup coup stick, wrapped in otter fur; survivor of the Wounded Knee massacre; died 1928 (30)

Guts (or Open Belly)

Killed in the battle; on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead (25)

Hawk Man

Killed in the battle; on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead (25)

Chef de guerre He Dog, Sioux OglalaHe Dog

Crazy Horse's head warrior (2); later judge of the Court of Indian Offenses at Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota' aged 92 years ca 1931 and described as a living repository of Oglala tribal history and customs (5)

High Eagle

Warrior; still living at age 88 (24)

High Eagle

Sioux chief of the great council lodge; killed in the Reno fight (28) (see above & below)

High Elk

Sans Arc chief; killed by Reno's troops (2)

He Crow

Minikauju warrior; Wounded in the Custer battle 

 

Hollow Horn Bear, Sioux brûléHollow Horn Bear

Warrior of the Brules

Hump

Head warrior of the Oglalas (28)

Hump

Minneconjou chief; age 29 in 1876; he had his horse shot from under him and was wounded in the leg early in the Custer fight (2)

Hump Nose (or Hump)

Sans Arc chief (13)

Iron Cedar

Hunkpapa warrior of Gall's band; spotted Custer's column from a high point above the river and diverted Gall from the Reno fight (2)

Iron Hail

Warrior, still living age 90 (24)

Iron Hawk

Hunkpapa warrior; age 14 when he rode into the Custer fight with his bow & arrows and his face painted red; shot and killed a soldier on horseback with an arrow in the Custer fight; then joined the attack on Reno's water carriers (27); still living age 99 (24)

Iron Star

Minneconjou warrior chief 2nd in rank to Lame Deer (30); led warriors against Custer (2); killed in General Miles' attack on the Minneconjou Sioux village of Lame Deer, May 7, 1877 (17, 30)

Iron Thunder

Minneconjou warrior; brother of Hump, age 28 in 1876 (2) 

Chef de guerre blackfoot John GrassJohn Grass

Head chief of the Blackfeet

Kicking Bear

Uniapapa warrior, full brother of Flying Hawk, killed some of Reno's soldiers as they fled across the river (10); later prophet of the Ghost Dance religion at the Pine Ridge Reservation in 1890 (16)

Kills Him

Killed in the battle; on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead (25)

Left-Handed-Ice

Killed in the battle' on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead

Little Bear

Wounded in the leg when his horse was shot from under him in the Custer fight; rescued by his brother-friend Elk Nation (27)

Little Knife

Hunkpapa warrior; in the Custer fight; in 1879 he said that Custer had been killed by a boy of 15 years, whose brother had just been slain (24)

Little Soldier, Sioux minneconjouEugene Little Soldier (Akichitahchigala)

Born ca 1863; young and fought with arrows against Reno; among Indian police who participated in the arrest and killing of Sitting Bull 1890; living 1928; (not Sitting Bull's son of the same name) (1)

Little Warrior

Warrior; still living age 80 (24)

Lone Bull

Hunkpapa warrior; Sitting Bull's nephew; in the Reno fight (2)

Lone Dog

Young Sans Arc; he had gone up Reno Creek to get a horse with Two Bear, who was killed by Reno's scouts just before the charge on the village; Lone Dog escaped to give the warning just as Reno's troops opened fire on the camp (2); killed in the battle; on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead (25) (unless he has been confused with Lone Bear??)

John Lone Man (Isnawichah)

Born ca 1850; among Indian police who participated in the arrest and killing of Sitting Bull 1890; died before April 1928 (1)

Long Elk

Warrior; wounded in the Custer fight (27)

Long Robe

Killed in th battle; on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead (25)

Oliver Looking Elk (Hehakawaketo)

Born ca 1845; among Indian police who participated in the arrest and killing of Sitting Bull 1890; living 1928 (1)

lowdogth.jpg Low Dog

Minicauju Chief; fought against Reno and Custer; his full brother was killed in the battle (2); "I called to my men: "this is a good day to die, follow me" (16)

Mustache

Killed in the battle; on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead (25)

One-Who-Walks-With-the-Stars

young Oglala woman, wife of Crow Dog; while rounding up stray horses on the banks of the river, she slashed and clubbed 2 soldiers who had escaped the Custer battlefield and were attempting to swim the river (25)

Owns-Red-Horse

Killed in the battle; on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead (25)

Pemmican

Warrior; still living age 85 (24)

Plenty Lice

Killed in the battle; on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead (25) 

chefrainintheface.jpg Rain In The Face

Warchief in the Custer fight, became famous. Had personally met General Custer and his wife.

Red Face

Killed in the battle; on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead (25)

Red Fish

Warrior in the Custer fight (30)

Red Hawk

A Sioux who fought with Crazy Horse against Custer (16)

Red Horn Buffalo

Iron Hawk "saw him fall" in the Custer fight (27)

Red Horn Bull

Famous Oglala runner; led a charge on Reno's troops in the valley (28)

Red Horse

Minneconjou warrior chief; he was digging wild turnups when Reno's men "charged so quickly we could not talk..."(2 & 3)

Round Fool

A boy; he spotted a soldier who had been hiding in some bullberry bushes all night below Reno Hill; the soldier was burned out and killed by Sioux warriors

Scarlet Top (Inkpaduta)

Santee chief; though probably not in the battle himself, his two sons (names unknown) were among the many warriors later said to have killed Custer; they may have killed the last soldier, but he was not Custer (2)

Walcott Shoots Walking (Wakutemani)

born ca 1950; among Indian police who participated in the arrest and killing of Sitting Bull in 1890; living 1928 (1)

Chef de guerre Short Bull, Hunkpapa

Short Bull

Brule Sioux; helped drive Reno's men back across the river; later Ghost Dance prophet (5)

Sitting Bull (Tatanka Yatanka)

His name means literally "Buffalo-he-sits-down" (25) or "Buffalo Bull Sitting Down" (26); Hunkpapa medicine man and chief; a powerful leader but not a warrior, he was not personally engaged in the battle (2), and was confined close to his teepee with a badly crippled leg, having been kicked by a wounded pack animal the previous day (25); his vision during a Sun Dance on June 14th predicted the Indian's victory (24); he called off the Indian attack on Reno and Benteen's troops on June 26 (4); killed at his camp on the Grand River in North Dakota on December 15, 1890 (7)

John Sitting Bull

Hunkpapa warrior; son of Chief Sitting Bull; still living age 80 (24)

Spotted Bull Horn (Tatanka-he-gle-ska)

Married to a full cousin of Sitting Bull (2); killed with Sitting Bull on December 15, 1890 (1)

Spotted Eagle

Sans Arc Sioux chief

Spotted Rabbit

Nephew of White Buffalo; he was among a small group of warriors who had advanced nearest Custer's final position (25)

Standing Bear

Minneconjou warrior; age 16 when he rode into the Custer fight with his older brother and uncle, and a redbird tied in his hair; he was among the warriors who drove the soldiers back to from Weir Point to Reno Hill; then joined in shooting at the entrenched troops on the 25th and 26th (27)

Standing Elk

Killed in the battle; on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead (25)

Swift Bear

Killed in the battle; on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead (25)

Swift Cloud

Killed in the battle; on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead (25)

Thin Elk

Warrior in the Custer fight (30)

Touch the Cloud

Minneconjou warrior Chief; cousin to Crazy Horse

Three Bears

Killed in the battle; on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead (25) he died in camp on June 27th, the day after the battle (27)

Two Bear

Young Sans Arc; had gone up Reno Creek to get a horse and was killed by Reno's scouts just before the charge on the village; his companion Lone Dog escaped to give the warning just as Reno's troops opened fire on the camp (2)

Two Strike (Nomp Karpa)

his name also translates "Knocks Two Off" (14); Brule Sioux; lieutenant of Spotted Rabbit; counted 12 coups in his lifetime including those at Little Big Horn; a leader on the attack of Pine Ridge agency just after the Wounded Knee massacre; born 1819, living 1906 (14)

White Buffalo (Tatanka Ska) Uncle of Spotted Rabbit; veteran of Custer battle; as a tribal historian he compiled a list of the 29 Sioux who were killed during the battle; living at Pine Ridge Agency, age 80 (25)

Chef de guerre White Bull, MinneconjouWhite Bull

Nephew of Sitting Bull; he was among some Sioux and 3 Cheyenne who chased 3 soldiers south along the west bank of the river to the Reno fight, only one who escaped to rejoin Reno on the bluffs (26)

Joseph White Cow Bull

Oglala warrior; he was among the first Sioux to meet Custer's troops in the Custer fight (26)

White Eagle

Killed in the battle; on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead (25)

Young Bear

Killed in the battle; on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead (25)

Young Black Moon

Warrior society leader in the charges against Reno; killed soon after Reno's skirmish line deployed (28); on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead (25)

Young Skunk (Young Kinshu?)

Killed in the battle; on White Buffalo's list of 29 Sioux dead (25)

Arapahoe participants in the battle

Left Hand

So named because he was left-handed, unusual for an Indian; part Blackfoot and part Cheyenne, but always had lived with the Arapahoes; son of Cherry; in the Custer fight he mistook a wounded Sioux warrior for a Crow or Arikara scout and killed him; living 1920 (2)

Waterman

In the Custer fight; living 1920 (2)

Well Knowing One (or Green Grass)

In the Custer fight (2)

Yellow Eagle

In the Custer fight (2)

Yellow Fly

In the Custer fight (2)

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